The term “local food” evades easy definition. In part, it is a geographical concept referring to the distance between food producers and consumers. Phrases like local food, local food system and relocalization are used almost interchangeably to refer to the concept of increasing reliance on foods consumed near their point of production.

Population growth, climate change, rising energy prices and biofuel production have all recently entered the world’s food equation and been implicated in the recent rise in food prices. These forces are likely to continue to influence food production over the long term.

Other factors also contribute to the evidence supporting the benefits of growing and eating local food, including:

  • Physical proximity of producers and consumers, which allows consumers to receive answers to their questions about the source of their food.
  • Shorter supply chains and relationships forged between producers and consumers, which can improve the economic visibility of local farms, farmers and their communities.
  • A reduced amount of energy used in the transport of foods and the associated greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Better tasting and more nutritious foods than those bred for their ability to endure long-distance shipping.
  • Improved environmental stewardship by producers and decreased food safety risks.
  • Increased public awareness of issues related to the food system and greater public control over the food system.

Together, these benefits suggest that localizing food production is a vital component of a transition to a more sustainable food system. However, it is important to note that these are purported, rather than proven, advantages of local food systems.1

A recent study, “Mapping potential foodsheds in New York state by food group: An approach for prioritizing which foods grow locally,” looked to answer the question: “If land is limited, which foods should be grown locally?”2 The study allocated the available agricultural land of New York state to meet in-state food needs for six distinct food groups — grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy, meat and eggs — across the state’s eight largest population centers.

According to the theory of highest and best use, land tends to be used for the purpose that generates the greatest return given the available market. The New York state (NYS) study mentioned above used a model to map potential for supplying local food if farmers maximized their returns on land. Researchers found that the area of agricultural land allocated to meet the food needs of New York state increased as the population’s willingness to eat a local food diet, a theoretical measure of the maximum amount of food people would willingly eat locally, increased.3

Since land tends to be devoted to the most valuable use possible, local and regional foodsheds tend to specialize in production of certain foods. The NYS study was able to show that the state could provide food for most people within the state from only four of the six food groups studied — dairy, eggs, fruit and vegetables — all items that New York state already specializes in. Since these items can be produced in a relatively large volume on a relatively small amount of land, a continued focus on these four groups could enable the state to provide a large share of total food needs. Grains tended to be pushed out of most diets, since demand for other food groups was higher and land availability is limited. Similarly, meat rarely made it into the diet because it generally had negative returns, using more land than most food groups and returning less food for consumption. Thus, New York would remain a net food importer, getting most of its food from other states and regions, in order to meet all food needs within the state.

1 Peters, C. J., Bills, N. L., Wilkins, J. L., & Fick, G. W. (2009). Foodshed analysis and its relevance to sustainability. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24(1), 1–7.
2 Peters, C. J., Bills, N. L., Lembo, A. J., Wilkins, J. L., & Fick, G.W. (2009). Mapping potential foodsheds in New York State: A spatial model for evaluating the capacity to localize food production. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24(1), 72–84.
3 Ibid.

Download as a PDF

State Models
Dig into research about foodprints and foodsheds in Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico and New York.
Fact Sheets
Learn more about ways the relationship between diet and land can create a more sustainable food system.
In the News

Read the latest news about foodprints, foodsheds and sustainable food systems.

vous pouvez toujours sentir manque de temps si préparer impromptu, comme nous le disons souvent «la beauté prend du temps.» Si vous voulez devenir la plus belle mariéeRobe de mariée pas cheril est besoin de prévenir la robe à l’avance, il ne peut pas attendre la veille du mariage que vous retrouvé le budget de mariage est déjà insuffisant, la nécessité de réduire les frais de mariage,mais la mariée est très déprimé.
2016 brudklänning enVacker brudklänning kan bära en ädel ideal feminina, tillsammans för sina väninnor att välja en lämplig Yiyi det!Bröllopsklänningar online Princess Wedding Klänningar Varje kvinna vid tiden för äktenskapet är den vackraste, du vill bli vackrare? En lyxig modegrad fullt brudklänning brudklänning kan vara en bra omnämnande L egen karisma, nu att dela med flera palatsliknande brudklänning, skriva själv en perfekt brud.Om du gillar sexig klänning. , Nog sexig kvinna, denna Bra brud brudklänning, klassisk palatsliknande klänning, du kan
Reaction of Player :lightweight jersey and very comfortable Yesterday afternoon, the Chinese team was training in the Guangzhou Gymnasium, when the reporter asked Zhao Yunlei the feeling of wearing the new cheap cheap jerseys online shop jersey , she readily took a shirt from the bag crumpled ball to reporters, and she said with a smile: ” This shirt is light. ”Zhao Yunlei said: “Our material is very light like with the clothes of the tennis King Nadal, Federer, after the sweat, sweat does not drip down to the ground, when we do move, it is easy pace slipping if the sweat drip on the floor.”
Jiangsu Changshu clothing wholesale market-Jiangsu Changshu strokes mall was founded in May 1985, after two years of “development, construction, operation and management”, has developed into one of the country’s largest apparel wholesale market.Hanzhengjie clothing wholesale market in Wuhan-Hanzhengjie Hankou is the earliest history of Central Street, thousands of merchants, commodity flow of the land dispute. Hankou’s name can be said to be named because of Shaanxi traders, namely Wholesale jerseys online shopthe Han River into the Yangtze River mouth. The Hankou prosperous, and Hanzhengjie inseparable. Mainly in three Shu Street, Canton Lane, large folder Street and a new street along the perimeter, with the center of the mall, the youngest town building two large apparel clothing indoor market. Business area dating square meters, nearly 2,000 business households.
ANTA-ANTA Sports Products Limited, referred to as ANTA Sports, Anta, is China’s leading sporting goods companies, mainly engaged in the design, development, manufacture and marketing of ANTA brand sporting goods, including sports footwear, apparel and accessories. Anta sweatshirt design advantages, warm stretch knit fabric, using Slim version of model, more personal fit, bid farewell to bloated, so wearing more stylish.GUIRENNIAO-This logo is a spiritual totem, smooth graphics implication unstoppable force; flexible deliver an elegant arc movement, strength and speed of the United States, a symbol of passion and rationality publicity “Heart” and “meaning”, “concept” unity; pass the fearless and enterprising mind, showing Wholesale jerseys china shopbeyond the realm of self, to unstoppable force to create the future.XTEP-Xtep (China) Co., Ltd. is a comprehensive development wholesale jerseys china shop, production and marketing of Xtep brand (XTEP) sports shoes, clothing, bags, caps, balls, socks mainly large sporting goods industry enterprises.
There are a lot of fans in identifying the authenticity of the above cheap jerseys have great distress, so here to i will show you some methods to definitely affordable inexpensive cheap jerseys : Firstly, we should look at if it is working fine. China has been called the world’s factory, a lot cheap jerseys factories in China have foundries, but our cheap jerseys are all from here! Secondly, should to see whether it is the , we all know that it is difficult to get out of print once a genuine cheap cheap jerseys free shippingjersey was print. and we have all kind of stocka on the whole website, in other words, we have all you want ! Finally, look at the price, our price is not necessarily the lowest in the whole website but it must be most fair on the whole website, we certainly you will not regret later when you buy it. Of course, except that cheap jerseys, we also have the other products, such as socks, leggings and some other related products, everyone can enjoy the best services of here!We will bring appropriate surprises in a particular period of time, such as Christmas Day or a certain time the team to win, and we are able to bring about a corresponding markdown activity for the fans! Are you interested in ?cheap jerseys free shipping!!! So coming to purchase it!!!