Many terms are used today to reference the food system, such as local food, organically grown and sustainable agriculture. Of these terms, “foodshed” describes the geographic area that supplies a population — whether in a city, town or community — with food. Analogous to a watershed, the concept of a foodshed encourages critical thinking about where our food comes from and how it reaches eaters. The Foodshed Model is considered both a tool for analyzing and understanding the flow of food from producer to consumer, as well as a framework for envisioning alternative food systems that could have the ability to produce foods locally. Maps of foodsheds can help us form a mental picture of how local, regional and global food systems work, how they have changed over time and how they might be made more sustainable in the future.

The term “foodshed” was first used by Walter Hedden in his 1929 book, “How Great Cities Are Fed.”[1] He proposed this concept as a way to understand the path of food from producer to consumer. Hedden used the term to highlight the importance of understanding the food needs of large cities, the sources of that food and the transportation necessary to get the food from source to city.

Boston’s “appleshed” from Walter Hedden’s “How Great Cities Are Fed.”

Boston’s “appleshed” from Walter Hedden’s “How Great Cities Are Fed.” (Click to enlarge).

According to food system researcher Jack Kloppenburg, from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, foodsheds do not have hard and fixed boundaries, but are made distinct by place-based features, such as population size and attributes, farmland and farmers, climate and soil, food infrastructure and food outlets, transportation,water resources, economic activities, cultural traditions and ethnicities.

Kloppenburg believes knowing our foodshed can “enhance our understanding of sustainability as we reconnect with the biophysical environment and the place in which we are embedded.” By visualizing a foodshed as a network of “flows,” like rivers of food flowing toward us, we can understanding how humans fit within this food system network. The network of flows starts from the sources of the food people eat and continues to the places we eat — dinner tables at homes, restaurants, cafeterias — wherever food is consumed. Indeed, a more complete analysis of foodsheds would also include the disposal and recycling of food waste.

The foodshed concept can be used in a variety of ways. A foodshed can describe where your city’s food comes from and how it gets there. A mix of local, regional and distant sources will most likely be involved. For example, if you live in New York, some of your milk may be from local dairies, the wheat in your bread may have been grown in Kansas and your bananas may have come from Central America. Foodshed analysis can also describe potential scenarios.  For example, could the farms in your region support the food needs of your city? Could they support the neighboring city as well? What is the smallest total distance your food could travel while still supporting your population? What questions do you have that foodsheds might answer?


[1] Hedden, W. P. How great cities are fed. (1929). Boston: Health & Co..

[2] Luhning, J. (2011, Summer Issue). Foodsheds part 1: Restoring our sense of place. Edible Madison. Retrieved from

State Models
Dig into research about foodprints and foodsheds in Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico and New York.
Fact Sheets
Learn more about ways the relationship between diet and land can create a more sustainable food system.
In the News

Read the latest news about foodprints, foodsheds and sustainable food systems.

vous pouvez toujours sentir manque de temps si préparer impromptu, comme nous le disons souvent «la beauté prend du temps.» Si vous voulez devenir la plus belle mariéeRobe de mariée pas cheril est besoin de prévenir la robe à l’avance, il ne peut pas attendre la veille du mariage que vous retrouvé le budget de mariage est déjà insuffisant, la nécessité de réduire les frais de mariage,mais la mariée est très déprimé.
2016 brudklänning enVacker brudklänning kan bära en ädel ideal feminina, tillsammans för sina väninnor att välja en lämplig Yiyi det!Bröllopsklänningar online Princess Wedding Klänningar Varje kvinna vid tiden för äktenskapet är den vackraste, du vill bli vackrare? En lyxig modegrad fullt brudklänning brudklänning kan vara en bra omnämnande L egen karisma, nu att dela med flera palatsliknande brudklänning, skriva själv en perfekt brud.Om du gillar sexig klänning. , Nog sexig kvinna, denna Bra brud brudklänning, klassisk palatsliknande klänning, du kan
Reaction of Player :lightweight jersey and very comfortable Yesterday afternoon, the Chinese team was training in the Guangzhou Gymnasium, when the reporter asked Zhao Yunlei the feeling of wearing the new cheap cheap jerseys online shop jersey , she readily took a shirt from the bag crumpled ball to reporters, and she said with a smile: ” This shirt is light. ”Zhao Yunlei said: “Our material is very light like with the clothes of the tennis King Nadal, Federer, after the sweat, sweat does not drip down to the ground, when we do move, it is easy pace slipping if the sweat drip on the floor.”
Jiangsu Changshu clothing wholesale market-Jiangsu Changshu strokes mall was founded in May 1985, after two years of “development, construction, operation and management”, has developed into one of the country’s largest apparel wholesale market.Hanzhengjie clothing wholesale market in Wuhan-Hanzhengjie Hankou is the earliest history of Central Street, thousands of merchants, commodity flow of the land dispute. Hankou’s name can be said to be named because of Shaanxi traders, namely Wholesale jerseys online shopthe Han River into the Yangtze River mouth. The Hankou prosperous, and Hanzhengjie inseparable. Mainly in three Shu Street, Canton Lane, large folder Street and a new street along the perimeter, with the center of the mall, the youngest town building two large apparel clothing indoor market. Business area dating square meters, nearly 2,000 business households.
ANTA-ANTA Sports Products Limited, referred to as ANTA Sports, Anta, is China’s leading sporting goods companies, mainly engaged in the design, development, manufacture and marketing of ANTA brand sporting goods, including sports footwear, apparel and accessories. Anta sweatshirt design advantages, warm stretch knit fabric, using Slim version of model, more personal fit, bid farewell to bloated, so wearing more stylish.GUIRENNIAO-This logo is a spiritual totem, smooth graphics implication unstoppable force; flexible deliver an elegant arc movement, strength and speed of the United States, a symbol of passion and rationality publicity “Heart” and “meaning”, “concept” unity; pass the fearless and enterprising mind, showing Wholesale jerseys china shopbeyond the realm of self, to unstoppable force to create the future.XTEP-Xtep (China) Co., Ltd. is a comprehensive development wholesale jerseys china shop, production and marketing of Xtep brand (XTEP) sports shoes, clothing, bags, caps, balls, socks mainly large sporting goods industry enterprises.
There are a lot of fans in identifying the authenticity of the above cheap jerseys have great distress, so here to i will show you some methods to definitely affordable inexpensive cheap jerseys : Firstly, we should look at if it is working fine. China has been called the world’s factory, a lot cheap jerseys factories in China have foundries, but our cheap jerseys are all from here! Secondly, should to see whether it is the , we all know that it is difficult to get out of print once a genuine cheap cheap jerseys free shippingjersey was print. and we have all kind of stocka on the whole website, in other words, we have all you want ! Finally, look at the price, our price is not necessarily the lowest in the whole website but it must be most fair on the whole website, we certainly you will not regret later when you buy it. Of course, except that cheap jerseys, we also have the other products, such as socks, leggings and some other related products, everyone can enjoy the best services of here!We will bring appropriate surprises in a particular period of time, such as Christmas Day or a certain time the team to win, and we are able to bring about a corresponding markdown activity for the fans! Are you interested in ?cheap jerseys free shipping!!! So coming to purchase it!!!