A food system includes all processes and infrastructure required to feed a population: growing, harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting and marketing, as well as the consumption and disposal of food and food-related items. It also includes the needed inputs, such as energy and fertilizer, and outputs, such as greenhouse gas emissions, generated at each of these steps. A food system operates within and is influenced by social, political, economic and environmental contexts.

We all experience food, if for no other reason than because we all consume it. Our relationship with food and the food system extends far beyond the act of eating. How and what we eat is influenced by factors including geographical location, culture and food availability.

By understanding the intricacies of the food system, health advocates, researchers and policymakers can foster changes that have the potential to increase the health of people and the environment, as well as the efficiency and sustainability of production. Some of these positive changes might include promoting healthier diets, maximizing foodsheds, supporting small businesses, conserving natural resources, minimizing foodprints, mitigating climate change, improving air and water quality, and protecting animal welfare.1

Commonly, a foodshed is defined as the geographic area that supplies a population — whether in a city, town or community — with food.2 Local foodsheds are similar to community-based food systems, which describe how food production, processing, distribution and consumption are integrated to enhance the environmental, economic, social and nutritional health of a particular place. To learn more about foodsheds, check out additional information here.

Similar to foodsheds, food systems describe a community’s food access and place of origin, while also showcasing whether or not the community meets its own food needs and whether or not its agricultural practices compromise the ability of future generations to meet their food needs. Food systems address food security, proximity of producers and consumers, community self-reliance and land sustainability.

The term community food system is often used to explain the relationship between nutrition, food, health, community economic development and agriculture.3 One way consumers can take action to address problems in the food system is by supporting and collectively strengthening their own community food systems. Actions that can be taken include:

  • Choosing a diet rich in locally grown and processed foods. Regional food guides, such as the Northeast Regional Food Guide, provide guidelines to help consumers choose healthy local and seasonal diets.4
  • Shopping at farmers markets and food co-ops, buying a share in a community supported agriculture farm or sponsoring someone else’s share in order to help boost the community’s economy and keep farmers on their land.
  • Participating in a community or school garden or starting a home vegetable garden and sharing excess with neighbors, a community kitchen or local soup kitchen. This helps everyone in your community be more self-reliant on the community and also reduces food waste.
  • Cooking from scratch. Ingredients can often be found in community gardens or at your local farmers market, therefore decreasing the amount of miles the food has to travel, as well as the amount of packaging along the supply chain.


1 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (n.d.). Teaching the Food System. Retrieved from http://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/teaching-the-food-system/about/why_teach_the_food_system.html
2 Peters, C. J., Bills, N. L., Wilkins, J. L., & Fick, G. W. (2009). Foodshed analysis and its relevance to sustainability. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24(1), 1–7.
3 Cornell University. (n.d.). A primer on community food systems: Linking food, nutrition and agriculture. Discovering the Food System. Retrieved from http://www.discoverfoodsys.cornell.edu/primer.html
4 Cornell University. (1996). Northeast regional food guide. Retrieved from http://www.human.cornell.edu/dns/extension/upload/Northeast-20Regional-20Food-20Guide.pdf

Download as a PDF

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

State Models
Dig into research about foodprints and foodsheds in Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico and New York.
Fact Sheets
Learn more about ways the relationship between diet and land can create a more sustainable food system.
In the News

Read the latest news about foodprints, foodsheds and sustainable food systems.

vous pouvez toujours sentir manque de temps si préparer impromptu, comme nous le disons souvent «la beauté prend du temps.» Si vous voulez devenir la plus belle mariéeRobe de mariée pas cheril est besoin de prévenir la robe à l’avance, il ne peut pas attendre la veille du mariage que vous retrouvé le budget de mariage est déjà insuffisant, la nécessité de réduire les frais de mariage,mais la mariée est très déprimé.
2016 brudklänning enVacker brudklänning kan bära en ädel ideal feminina, tillsammans för sina väninnor att välja en lämplig Yiyi det!Bröllopsklänningar online Princess Wedding Klänningar Varje kvinna vid tiden för äktenskapet är den vackraste, du vill bli vackrare? En lyxig modegrad fullt brudklänning brudklänning kan vara en bra omnämnande L egen karisma, nu att dela med flera palatsliknande brudklänning, skriva själv en perfekt brud.Om du gillar sexig klänning. , Nog sexig kvinna, denna Bra brud brudklänning, klassisk palatsliknande klänning, du kan
Reaction of Player :lightweight jersey and very comfortable Yesterday afternoon, the Chinese team was training in the Guangzhou Gymnasium, when the reporter asked Zhao Yunlei the feeling of wearing the new cheap cheap jerseys online shop jersey , she readily took a shirt from the bag crumpled ball to reporters, and she said with a smile: ” This shirt is light. ”Zhao Yunlei said: “Our material is very light like with the clothes of the tennis King Nadal, Federer, after the sweat, sweat does not drip down to the ground, when we do move, it is easy pace slipping if the sweat drip on the floor.”
Jiangsu Changshu clothing wholesale market-Jiangsu Changshu strokes mall was founded in May 1985, after two years of “development, construction, operation and management”, has developed into one of the country’s largest apparel wholesale market.Hanzhengjie clothing wholesale market in Wuhan-Hanzhengjie Hankou is the earliest history of Central Street, thousands of merchants, commodity flow of the land dispute. Hankou’s name can be said to be named because of Shaanxi traders, namely Wholesale jerseys online shopthe Han River into the Yangtze River mouth. The Hankou prosperous, and Hanzhengjie inseparable. Mainly in three Shu Street, Canton Lane, large folder Street and a new street along the perimeter, with the center of the mall, the youngest town building two large apparel clothing indoor market. Business area dating square meters, nearly 2,000 business households.
ANTA-ANTA Sports Products Limited, referred to as ANTA Sports, Anta, is China’s leading sporting goods companies, mainly engaged in the design, development, manufacture and marketing of ANTA brand sporting goods, including sports footwear, apparel and accessories. Anta sweatshirt design advantages, warm stretch knit fabric, using Slim version of model, more personal fit, bid farewell to bloated, so wearing more stylish.GUIRENNIAO-This logo is a spiritual totem, smooth graphics implication unstoppable force; flexible deliver an elegant arc movement, strength and speed of the United States, a symbol of passion and rationality publicity “Heart” and “meaning”, “concept” unity; pass the fearless and enterprising mind, showing Wholesale jerseys china shopbeyond the realm of self, to unstoppable force to create the future.XTEP-Xtep (China) Co., Ltd. is a comprehensive development wholesale jerseys china shop, production and marketing of Xtep brand (XTEP) sports shoes, clothing, bags, caps, balls, socks mainly large sporting goods industry enterprises.
There are a lot of fans in identifying the authenticity of the above cheap jerseys have great distress, so here to i will show you some methods to definitely affordable inexpensive cheap jerseys : Firstly, we should look at if it is working fine. China has been called the world’s factory, a lot cheap jerseys factories in China have foundries, but our cheap jerseys are all from here! Secondly, should to see whether it is the , we all know that it is difficult to get out of print once a genuine cheap cheap jerseys free shippingjersey was print. and we have all kind of stocka on the whole website, in other words, we have all you want ! Finally, look at the price, our price is not necessarily the lowest in the whole website but it must be most fair on the whole website, we certainly you will not regret later when you buy it. Of course, except that cheap jerseys, we also have the other products, such as socks, leggings and some other related products, everyone can enjoy the best services of here!We will bring appropriate surprises in a particular period of time, such as Christmas Day or a certain time the team to win, and we are able to bring about a corresponding markdown activity for the fans! Are you interested in ?cheap jerseys free shipping!!! So coming to purchase it!!!